Treatments for atherosclerosis and heart attack are also very personal and vary depending on each individual’s needs. For many people, lifestyle changes, including exercise, maybe all they need to control and prevent the onset of a heart attack. For others, surgery may be required in the form of a coronary artery bypass, angioplasties, or coronary heart disease.
For the majority of people, there is no known cause of coronary disease or heart attack. But, the exact cause of atherosclerosis is unknown. The majority of studies on atherosclerosis have focused on hereditary and environmental factors, but are still at an early stage in determining exactly what causes atherosclerosis and heart disease.
The majority of diseases that lead to heart attack and atherosclerosis involve the arteries that transport blood to and from the heart. The arteries supply nutrients to the tissues of the heart and the brain, causing them to expand.
Many types of diseases cause heart attack and stroke. All types of cardiovascular disease can be controlled and prevented by adopting healthy lifestyles that include physical activity, a diet low in saturated fats and cholesterol, and a daily dose of antioxidants such as l-arginine and green tea.